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Italian Wine

Learn about Italian red and white wine, regions and more ...

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Named “Oenotria” by the ancient Greeks for its abundance of grapevines, Italy has always had a culture virtually inextricable from wine. Wine grapes grow in every region throughout Italy—a long and narrow boot-shaped peninsula extending into the Mediterranean.

Italian Wine Regions

Naturally, most Italian wine regions enjoy a Mediterranean climate and a notable coastline, if not coastline on all borders, as is the case with the islands of Sicily and Sardinia. The Alps in the northern regions of Valle d'Aosta, Lombardy and Alto Adige create favorable conditions for cool-climate grape varieties. The Apennine Mountains, extending from Liguria in the north to Calabria in the south, affect climate, grape variety and harvest periods throughout. Considering the variable terrain and conditions, it is still safe to say that most high quality viticulture in Italy takes place on picturesque hillsides.

Italian Grape Varieties

Italy boasts more indigenous grape varieties than any other country—between 500 and 800, depending on whom you ask—and most Italian wine production relies upon these native grapes. In some regions, international varieties have worked their way in, but are declining in popularity, especially as younger growers take interest in reviving local varieties. Most important are Sangiovese, reaching its greatest potential in Tuscany, as well as Nebbiolo, the prized grape of Piedmont, producing single varietal, age-worthy Piedmontese wines. Other important varieties include Corvina, Montepulciano, Barbera, Nero d’Avola and of course the white wines, Trebbiano, Verdicchio and Garganega. The list goes on.

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  • Sella & Mosca La Cala Vermentino 2007 Front Label
    Sella & Mosca La Cala Vermentino 2007
    Vermentino from Sardinia, Italy
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    • Argiolas Costamolino Vermentino 2007 Front Label
      Argiolas Costamolino Vermentino 2007
      Vermentino from Sardinia, Italy
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    • La Parrina Maremma Toscana Vermentino 2007 Front Label
      La Parrina Maremma Toscana Vermentino 2007
      Vermentino from Tuscany, Italy
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      • Cantina Santa Maria La Palma Vermentino di Sardegna i Papiri 2007 Front Label
        Cantina Santa Maria La Palma Vermentino di Sardegna i Papiri 2007
        Vermentino from Sardinia, Italy
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        • Tenute Rubino Vermentino 2007 Front Label
          Tenute Rubino Vermentino 2007
          Vermentino from Puglia, Italy
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          • Cantine di Dolianova Vermentino di Sardegna Naeli 2007 Front Label
            Cantine di Dolianova Vermentino di Sardegna Naeli 2007
            Vermentino from Sardinia, Italy
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