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Dessert, Sherry, Port & other Fortified wine

Learn about dessert, Sherry, Port & other fortified wine — the range of styles, how they are made and more …

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What are the types and styles of dessert wine?

Dessert wines come in an impressive array of styles and sweetness levels. The most straightforward method for making dessert wine is quite simply a late harvest of wine grapes, though further distinctions arise based on country of origin. The main examples include Sauternes (France), Tokaji (Hungary) and ice wine (Germany and Canada).

What are the types and styles of fortified wine?

Fortified wines (meaning alcohol has been added during the winemaking process) include Sherry, Port, Madeira, Banyuls, Rutherglen and other very small-scale styles. Sherry comes in completely dry styles (Fino, Manzanilla, Amontillado, Palo Cortado) and also in a range of sweetness levels. Madeira is typically sweet but can be made into a dry style. Port can be most simply separated into Tawny and Ruby styles. Vermouth, an herb-infused fine wine, is today popular among mixologists and other dessert wines are derived, not from wine grapes, but from different fruits.

How are dessert and fortified wines made?

As mentioned above, many wines in this category—like Sauternes and Tokaji—are produced by leaving the grapes on the vine long after the rest of the harvest has been processed in order to accumulate very high sugar levels. Often, a form of “noble” rot called botrytis plays a role, desiccating the grapes until only the very flavorful solids and sugars remain. These late-picked wines are, accordingly, often referred to as late-harvest wines. In colder climates, the grapes may be allowed to freeze on the vine for the production of ice wine. Other styles are made by letting the harvested grapes dry out (also concentrating sugars). Fortified wines are fortified with neutral spirits to increase the level of alcohol, and, depending on the final style of wine desired, arrest fermentation while some level, high to low (or no), residual sugar remains.

What gives dessert and fortified wines their color?

The different colors of most dessert wines come from the type of grape used and varying levels of oxidation during the winemaking process. The colors of Sherry and Port are mainly the result of oxidation, or lack thereof. Fino and Manzanilla styles are clear to pale gold because of the benevolent film-forming yeasts, called flor, that make a floating seal on the surface of the wine. This layer protects the wine from oxidation, and thus any browning. The other styles of Sherry use various levels of controlled oxidation, resulting in various hues of amber. The two basic styles of Port, Ruby and Tawny, also come in two basic colors, as noted by their names. Both styles are made from the same blend of Douro red varieties, but Tawny ports are tawny in color because they are made from a blend of vintages that have been aged in barrels and gradually exposed to oxygen. Ruby Ports retain their bright color because these wines are aged in barrel only for two to three years before bottling, thus minimizing any color change from oxidation.

How do you serve dessert and fortified wines?

Because of the typically higher sugar and alcohol content, the recommended serving size for most dessert, Sherry & Port wines is three ounces, which is smaller than for regular table wine. In general dessert wines should be served cold—a very sweet Tokaji is served at 40F; Sauternes are best at 50F. Fino and Manzanilla Sherries are best served at 45-50F, while the Amontillados, Olorosos and beyond, are best at 55F. Tawny Ports have a recommended serving temperature of 50-55F, whereas Ruby and Vintage Ports have a recommended serving temperature of 65F.

How long do dessert and fortified wines last?

High quality dessert wines such as Sauternes and Tokaji can often improve up to 10 to 20 years from bottling. Fino and Manzanilla Sherries should be consumed within a year or two of bottling since they are most appreciated for their freshness. Once opened, these are best consumed within a week. Store Amontillado Sherry up to about three years; once opened and refrigerated, these last two to three weeks before they decline. Store Oloro Sherry up to five years; once opened and refrigerated, these last a few weeks or longer. Cream Sherries are best consumed in their youth. Pedro Ximénez Sherry is a special case. It won’t necessarily improve with age, but is known to remain unchanged after many years of age. The two basic styles of Port can be further separated into an almost dizzying list of styles, but in general the only ones meant to age longer once bottled are crusted ports and vintage ports (from a declared vintage). Aside from those, LBV (late bottled vintage) ports should age about 4-6 years from the release date and the rest are ready to drink upon release. Fruit wines are not meant to age; the fresh fruit qualities of these wines are most prominent in their youth.

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  • Chateau Laribotte Sauternes (375ML half-bottle) 2018  Front Label
    Chateau Laribotte Sauternes (375ML half-bottle) 2018
    Other Dessert from Sauternes, Bordeaux, France
    • WE90
    0.0 0 Ratings
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    Currently Unavailable $22.99
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    22 99
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  • Hidalgo Faraon Oloroso (500ML) Front Label
    Hidalgo Faraon Oloroso (500ML)
    Sherry from Jerez, Spain
    • WS92
    • RP91
    3.2 39 Ratings
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      Currently Unavailable $17.99
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    • Gonzalez Byass La Copa Vermouth Front Label
      Gonzalez Byass La Copa Vermouth
      Vermouth from Jerez, Spain
      • WE90
      4.3 31 Ratings
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      • Hidalgo Alameda Cream Sherry (500ML) Front Label
        Hidalgo Alameda Cream Sherry (500ML)
        Sherry from Jerez, Spain
        • RP91
        3.7 30 Ratings
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        • Sandeman Founders Reserve Ruby Port Front Label
          Sandeman Founders Reserve Ruby Port
          Port from Portugal
          • WW90
          • D90
          4.2 364 Ratings
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            Currently Unavailable $18.99
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            24 99
            18 99
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          • Graham's Vintage Port 2016  Front Label
            Graham's Vintage Port 2016
            Port from Douro, Portugal
            • JS99
            • D98
            • WS98
            • WE97
            • RP95
            4.1 20 Ratings
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            Currently Unavailable $119.99
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          • Hidalgo La Gitana Manzanilla Sherry (500ML) Front Label
            Hidalgo La Gitana Manzanilla Sherry (500ML)
            Sherry from Jerez, Spain
            • WS92
            3.2 113 Ratings
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            • Fonseca Bin No. 27 Port Front Label
              Fonseca Bin No. 27 Port
              Port from Portugal
              • TP91
              • D91
              • WS90
              4.2 420 Ratings
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              • Cockburn's Vintage Port 2015 Front Label
                Cockburn's Vintage Port 2015
                Port from Portugal
                • D96
                • JS94
                • WS92
                • RP91
                0.0 0 Ratings
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              • Graham's 30 Year Old Tawny Port Front Label
                Graham's 30 Year Old Tawny Port
                Port from Douro, Portugal
                • JS96
                • WE95
                • WS95
                • D95
                • RP94
                • WW94
                4.5 56 Ratings
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                • Quinta do Vesuvio Vintage Port 2016 Front Label
                  Quinta do Vesuvio Vintage Port 2016
                  Port from Douro, Portugal
                  • WS97
                  • RP96
                  • WE95
                  • D95
                  • JS94
                  4.6 5 Ratings
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                  Currently Unavailable $94.99
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                  115
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                • Quinta de la Rosa 10 Year Tawny Port Tonel 12 (500ML) Front Label
                  Quinta de la Rosa 10 Year Tawny Port Tonel 12 (500ML)
                  Port from Portugal
                  • WS90
                  4.3 16 Ratings
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                    Currently Unavailable $29.99
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                  • Taylor Fladgate 10 Year Old Tawny Front Label
                    Taylor Fladgate 10 Year Old Tawny
                    Port from Portugal
                    • RP93
                    • JS93
                    • WS90
                    • WE90
                    4.4 344 Ratings
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                    • La Cigarrera Manzanilla Sherry (375ML half-bottle) Front Label
                      La Cigarrera Manzanilla Sherry (375ML half-bottle)
                      Sherry from Jerez, Spain
                      • WS91
                      3.1 11 Ratings
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                      Currently Unavailable $13.99
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                      15 99
                      13 99
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                    • Chocolate Shop Chocolate Red Wine Front Label
                      Chocolate Shop Chocolate Red Wine
                      Other Dessert from Walla Walla Valley, Columbia Valley, Washington
                        4.1 438 Ratings
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                        • La Cigarrera Amontillado Viejo Sherry (375ML half-bottle) Front Label
                          La Cigarrera Amontillado Viejo Sherry (375ML half-bottle)
                          Sherry from Jerez, Spain
                            0.0 0 Ratings
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                            • Bodegas Grant La Garrocha Amontillado Sherry (375ML half-bottle) Front Label
                              Bodegas Grant La Garrocha Amontillado Sherry (375ML half-bottle)
                              Sherry from Jerez, Spain
                              • W&S92
                              • WS90
                              3.2 17 Ratings
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                                Currently Unavailable $15.99
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                                17 99
                                15 99
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                              • Quinta de la Rosa Vintage Port 2017  Front Label
                                Quinta de la Rosa Vintage Port 2017
                                Port from Douro, Portugal
                                • WS95
                                • RP95
                                • WE95
                                • D94
                                • JS93
                                • W&S91
                                0.0 0 Ratings
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                                  Currently Unavailable $79.99
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                                  90
                                  79 99
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                                • El Maestro Sierra Palo Cortado Sherry (375ML) Front Label
                                  El Maestro Sierra Palo Cortado Sherry (375ML)
                                  Sherry from Jerez, Spain
                                  • W&S93
                                  0.0 0 Ratings
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                                    Currently Unavailable $98.99
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                                    110
                                    98 99
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                                  • Ramos Pinto 10 Year Tawny Ervamoira Front Label
                                    Ramos Pinto 10 Year Tawny Ervamoira
                                    Port from Portugal
                                    • WS92
                                    • W&S92
                                    • D92
                                    • RP91
                                    • WE90
                                    • WW90
                                    4.3 39 Ratings
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                                      Currently Unavailable $36.99
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                                      41
                                      36 99
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                                    • Taylor Fladgate 20 Year Old Tawny Front Label
                                      Taylor Fladgate 20 Year Old Tawny
                                      Port from Portugal
                                      • TP95
                                      • WE93
                                      • WS93
                                      • RP93
                                      • D92
                                      • W&S90
                                      4.5 275 Ratings
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                                        Currently Unavailable $49.99
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                                      • Terra d'Oro Zinfandel Port  Front Label
                                        Terra d'Oro Zinfandel Port
                                        Port from Amador, Sierra Foothills, California
                                        • WE93
                                        • WW90
                                        4.2 245 Ratings
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                                          Currently Unavailable $22.99
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                                        • Graham's 10 Year Old Tawny Port Front Label
                                          Graham's 10 Year Old Tawny Port
                                          Port from Douro, Portugal
                                          • D93
                                          • JS93
                                          • WE91
                                          • WS90
                                          4.3 260 Ratings
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                                          • Eppa SupraFruta Organic Red Sangria Front Label
                                            Eppa SupraFruta Organic Red Sangria
                                            Fruit Wine from California
                                            • TP90
                                            3.8 280 Ratings
                                            Price per bottle
                                            Currently Unavailable $10.99
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                                          • Warre's Otima 10 Year Tawny Port (500ML)  Front Label
                                            Warre's Otima 10 Year Tawny Port (500ML)
                                            Port from Portugal
                                            • RP93
                                            • W&S91
                                            • WS91
                                            4.3 106 Ratings
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                                              Currently Unavailable $24.99
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                                              27
                                              24 99
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