The excellence of the wines of Tokaji is due to several factors. Soil, macroclimate and microclimate, grape variety, the method of wine making and handling the wine all contribute to the exceptional wine we know as Tokaji (Tokay) wine.
Tokaji Eszencia (Essence) is the most fabled and rarest of all. Eszencia is the first run juice of the Aszú grapes, which seeps from the press under the grapes own weight. The sugar content is extremely high, and the wine will ferment at an extremely slow rate, often over many years. Normally Essence will be used as a blending wine, although under exceptional circumstances, the best wine from the best grapes in a top vintage, will be released in its own right. These wines, will keep for many years (as will most Tokaji), and often command very high prices. Its legendary restorative properties are widely documented in Hungarian folk lore.