The grapes are carefully selected in the vineyards and harvested in 8-kilo crates. They are destemmed, not crushed, after which they are conveyed into temperature controlled stainless steel vats for alcoholic fermentation and maceration. Macerations last 12 days for the Sangiovese, and up to 20 days for the other blends.
After completing a full malolactic fermentation the wine is transferred into 100% French oak barrels. The Sangiovese barrels consist of 30% new and 70% one or two year old oak. The other blends' barrels consist of 80% new oak. Barrel maturation lasts up to 14 months and during that time the wine is regularly racked and tasted. At the conclusion of the maturation, the best lots are selected and assembled to create the final blend.
After bottling, the wine rests for at least three months before release. Depending on the vintage year, Chianti Classico reaches maturity between 2 and 4 years after harvest and the plateau lasts at least 10 years after harvest.
Querciabella was founded in 1974 by Giuseppe Castiglioni, an avid collector of French wines and the owner of the largest collection of Louis Roederer Cristal throughout Italy. The property is now managed and owned by Sebastiano Cossia Castiglioni who carries with him the fundamental philosophy of Querciabella. Cossia Castiglioni remarks “Querciabella is dedicated to producing among the finest Italian wines - as a winemaker and an avid collector, I believe that quality begins in the vineyard and with minimal intervention one can produce a wine that is truly a reflection of its terroir”. Querciabella wines are all estate bottled and made from selected grapes from the Southeast and Southwest facing vineyards located high on the hilltop of Ruffoli in Greve in Chianti.
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One of the most important wine regions in Italy, Tuscany is home to the cities of Florence and Siena, the districts of Chianti and Brunello di Montalcino, and the wineries of Sassicaia, Tignanello and Ornellaia. Tuscany is also home to the indigenous Italian grape variety, Sangiovese. Most of the wine coming from Tuscany is made from some clone of this varietal, but a growing trend, started by the renegade winemakers of those Super Tuscans, is to incorporate more international varietals.
The most well known sub-districts of Tuscany are Chianti, Brunello di Montalcino and Vino Nobile di Montepulciano (note that Montepulciano here refers to the local village, not the grape variety found in the Italian region of Abruzzi). Wine labeled from these regions is DOC-regulated and Sangiovese-based blends. Quality wine from these DOC areas has been on the rise for decades, with top-notch winemakers and wineries shedding the low-quality image once held for Tuscan wine by producing consistently outstanding bottlings that range from deliciously drinkable to highly ageable. Newer to the scene are regions like Bohlgeri and the Maremma, home to of what are now termed "Super-Tuscans," named for the wine coming from the Tuscany area, but not following all of the DOC or DOCG laws required in Italy. In the
1970's, some pioneer winemakers began buying land outside of Chianti and Montalcino, and planting not only Sangiovese, but also international varieties like Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot. The wine they produced only fit into the lowest Italian category of "vina da tavola," but the winemakers sold the wine for high prices, creating an almost cult following, and spurning a new wine category called IGT.
This country has about as many wines as its had governments. With 20 different regions, hundreds of DOCs and even more indigenous varieties, the amount of wine made in Italy is mind-boggling. Most of the juice, however, remains in the country for thirsty Italians. Wine is food in Italy and its rare that a meal is consumed without a glass
of vino. That said, it's not common to find many folks drinking wine without food either. In turn, it's a match, and a mighty good one at that. In fact, it's safe to say that Italian wine is a foodie wine – one that goes on the table for a myraid of meals.
Most wine ranges from 10-16% alcohol by volume. Some varietals tend to have higher (for example Zinfandel and Cabernet Sauvignon) or lower alcohol levels (Pinot Noir and many white varietals), but there is always some variation from producer to producer. Some wine falls outside of this range, for instance Port weighs in closer to 20%, while Muscat and Riesling are usually a bit below 10%.
Wine Style Guide
Light & Crisp
Light to medium bodied wines that are high in acid and light to medium fruit. Typically no oak.
Fruity & Smooth
Light to medium bodied wines with lots of juicy fruit, typically medium acid and medium oak.
Rich & Creamy
Full bodied wines that have typically undergone malo-lactic fermentation and/or spent time in oak.