Both Javier and Miguel own different vineyard parcels composed of diverse types of soil and texture. Javier with 49 acres of 75 years old vines in the town of Anguix is planted on loam soils composed of 40% sand, 40% fine gravel particles and 20% thin dry clay with low fertility of organic matter at less than 5%, preventing excessive vine growth. Yields at 2.2 lbs. per vine and small berry size, give high skin to juice ratio with deep pigmentation, rich and intense flavors and balanced levels of ripe tannins. Miguel with 50 acres of 35 years old vines on average is located in the town of Roa. Depth of soils provide a buffer against drought but are well drained, composed of sand and limestone with small particles of clay but poor in organic matter at less than 1% though yields are further controlled by early May pruning. Consistent quality fruit is grown yearly and outstanding wines made from vintage to vintage. View all Bodegas Hornillos Ballesteros Wines
About Ribera del DueroView a map of Ribera del Duero wineries (rib-EHR-ah del dwehr-oh)
Notable FactsThe wines of Ribera del Duero are mainly red – white wines here are not exported or revered. The reds come primarily from a variation of Tempranillo, called Tinto Fino or Tinto del Pais in this region. Garnacha and Cabernet Sauvignon are also used, but not so often. The best wines of the area are refreshing yet sturdy and complex, with an ability to age and mature gracefully.
The most popular red varieties of Spain include Tempranillo and Garnacha (Grenache). Whites don't garner quite as much recognition, but there are some regional varieties not to be missed, like Albarino and Verdejo. The popular red regions of Spain include Rioja, known for its outstanding wines of the Tempranillo grape; Ribera del Duero, producing high quality reds from Tempranillo and Garnacha; Galacia, with the sub-region of Rias Baixas, home to the deliciously crisp and floral Albarino grape; and Priorat, a region increasing in popularity with its high-quality cult reds. Other regions of note are Rueda, growing the Verdejo grape, La Mancha, a wide desert region, covered in the most planted white variety in the world, Airen, and Jumilla, making wines based on Monastrell (Mourvedre).
Spain's wine laws are based on the Denominacion de Origen (DO) classification system, devised in the 1930's. A four tiered system, the most basic level is Vina de Mesa (table wine) followed by Vino de la Tierra (country wine), DO and at the top DOC. Currently, only Rioja and Priorat have DOC status, while over 65 DO's scatter the country.
Most DO regions are classified and regulated by how long they age the wines. On a red wine label, one may find the terms Crianza, Reserva or Gran Reserva, denoting the wine's barrel and bottle time. Crianza is usually two years between barrel and bottle (the time in each depends on the DO and/or the winemaker), Reserva up to 4 years and Gran Reserva 5 – 6 years. Classifications of each region and wine are controlled by the region's Consejo Regulador.